AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Grade 12
What is agricultural science?
Agricultural Sciences is the study of the relationship between soils, plants and animals in the production and processing of food, fibre, fuel and other agricultural commodities that have an economic, aesthetic and cultural value.
1. Soil science
2. Plant studies
3. Animal studies
4. Agricultural economics
5. Basic agricultural Chemistry
6. Basic Genetics and Biological Concepts
7. Sustainable natural resource utilization
In agricultural sciences learners will:
• Develop an awareness of the management and care of the environment, natural resources and the humane treatment of animals through application of science and related technology;
• Develop problem-solving mechanisms within the contexts of agricultural production, processing and marketing practices;
• Be aware of the social and economic development of the society at large through personal development in commercial and subsistence farming enterprises;
• Become informed and responsible citizens in the production of agricultural commodities, caring for the environment and addressing social justice issues; and
• Be aware of agricultural indigenous knowledge and practices through understanding agricultural sciences in historical and social contexts.
- Lectures 28
- Quizzes 0
- Duration 50 hours
- Skill level All levels
- Language English
- Students 6
- Assessments Yes
- WEEK 1 Animal Nutrition – A comparison on the external structure of the alimentary canal of: a ruminant (cow and sheep) and non-ruminant (fowl and pig)
- WEEK 2 Digestion in the nonruminant (pig/fowl) and ruminants (cow) – Digestion in Non Ruminants.
- WEEK 3 Components of feed – Componants of feed.
- WEEK 4 Digestibility of feeds – The functions and two defincies of the following vitamins.
- WEEK 5 Types of feed, Planning a feed flow programme – Types of feed
- WEEK 6 Animal Production Increasing Animal Production, Intensive farming, Extensive farming – Animal Production Systems
- WEEK 8 Animal reproduction male and female reproductive systems – Reproductive Organs of Cattle
- WEEK 9 Synchronization of oestrus and mating, Artificial mating (Artificial insemination, embryo transplantation and cloning) – Syncronization of Oesterus
- WEEK 7 Animal shelter/ protection/housing, Behaviour and handling of farm animals – Animal Shelter/Potection/Housing
- WEEK 10 Embryo transplantation/transfer (ET), Nuclear transfer (Cloning) – Embryo Transplant (ET)
- WEEK 1 Animal Reproduction Birth/Parturition and Dystocia, Milk Production/lactation – Birth/parturition and dystocia and Milk Production/Lactation
- WEEK 2 Animal Diseases and Protection, Viral and bacterial diseases, Protozoan and fungal diseases – Animal Health
- WEEK 3 Internal Parasites/ Endoparasites, External Parasites/Ectoparasites
- WEEK 4 Plant and Metallic salt poisoning, the role of government in animal Health
- WEEK 5 Basic Agricultural Genetics, Monohybrid inheritance, Dihybrid inheritance – Genetic Concepts
- WEEK 6 The Pattern of Inheritance, Variation and Mutation – inheritance Variation and mutation • The pattern of inheritance that leads to different phenotypes: incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles, polygenic inheritance and epistasis
- WEEK 7 Selection – The general principles of selection: heritability and biometrics
- WEEK 1 Basic agricultural Genetics Genetic modification/ genetic engineering
- WEEK 2 Agric-production factors land and labour
- WEEK 3 Capital and management
- WEEK 4 Agricultural Marketing
- WEEK 5 Market equilibrium
- WEEK 6 Agricultural marketing system
- WEEK 7 Agricultural entrepreneurship and business planning
2017 National Senior Certificate Examination Papers, Adendums and Memorandum